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Prambanan Temple 14/09/2010

Posted by tunjungnesta in DI. Jogjakarta.

Prambanan at night

The Prambanan temple is the biggest and a most beautiful Hindu temple about 20 minutes from Yogyakarta city. It is locatad 17 kilometers east of Yogyakarta, the temple is believed to have been built by King Balitung Maha Sambu in the middle of the ninth century. This magnificent  Shivaite temple derives its name from the village where it is located. Locally known as the Loro Jongrang temple, or the temple of the “Slender Virgin” it is reputed to be the biggest and most beautiful Hindu Temple in Indonesia.

Prambanan Temple

Its parapets are adorned with a bas-reliefs depicting the famous Ramayana story. It has eight shrines, of which the three main ones are dedicated to Shiva, Vishnu and Brahma (all are manifestations of God in Hindu). The main temple of Shiva rises to a high of 130 feet and houses the magnificent statue of Shiva’s consort, Durga.

Prambanan Temple is often called Loro Jonggrang temple after the local name of the Durga statue enshrined in one side of the Shiva temple (Loro Jonggrang means “Slender Virgin”). The substitution of Durga for a more locally-derived god occurred through the fame of an ancient legend. According to legend, the statue of Durga is actually the petrified body of Loro Jonggrang, the daughter of King Ratu Boko. When prince Bandung Bandawasa asked for her hand in marriage, the king answered that he could have her only if he could kill him in battle. In the ensuing fight, the prince killed Ratu Boko. Loro Jonggrang did not wish to marry the murderer of her father, so she asked of him an impossible task: build 1,000 temples in one night. If he fulfilled the task, he could marry her.

Roro Jonggrang Statue

Bandung nearly accomplished the job by securing an army of spirits through the help of his dead father. The supernatural laborers erected temples at lightning speed, and Loro Jonggrang realized that Bandung would finish before daybreak. To stop him, Loro Jonggrang pounded on a rice block, making the cocks in the neighborhood wake up early and call the arrival of dawn. Hearing this, Bandung’s army of spirits feared the daylight and rushed away from their work, leaving just a single temple unfinished. In fury, Bandung cursed Loro Jonggrang and had her body turned to stone. Through the intervention of Shiva, the petrified body became the idol that now stands in the north cella of the Siva temple at Candi Prambanan.

Prambanan Temple is beautiful temple, in fact, it is a group of temples. The biggest temple dedicated to Shiva (one of manifestation of God) with two other smaller ones, on its right and on its left, dedicated to Brahma and Wisnhu (manifestation of God) respectively. Reliefs decorating the walls of the temple depict the story of Ramayana.


Sendratari Ramayana

This story has a background in ancient times and set in place in the State Mantili, the kingdom of Lanka, Dandaka Forest, Cave Kiskendo, Argasoka Park. This story has a plot forward. Synopsis of the story is as follows: Rama Wijaya, Shinta, and are venturing into the woods Leksmana Dandaka. Ravana saw and wanted to marry Dewi Shinta.

rama shinta

So Ravana told to Marica to turn himself into a golden deer. Shinta who was fascinated to see deer golden golden asked Rama to catch deer. Then Rama was left chasing deer. After a long menumggu, Shinta was worried and told Leksman to follow Rama. Before leaving Shinta, Leksmana create a protective circle around Shinta. When Ravana realized that Shinta alone, he lelu disguised as an old beggar Shinta then kidnapped and brought to the kingdom of Lanka. On the way to Lanka Ravana met Jatayu and they fought, and defeated Jatyu. When Rama and Sinta Leksmana realize that has been lost, Rama negira Jatayu had been killed but was arrested Leksmana. Jatayu explains everything and then he died. Then tell Subali dating Hanuman who took the goddess Tara from Sugriva. Rama then willing to help Sugriwa. Subali then defeated Sugriwa assisted by Rama. Sugriwa finally decided mebantu rescue Rama Sinta. Then Hanuman was sent to the kingdom Alenka. Meanwhile Ravana Shinta who refuses to marry her application arrived – arrived to hear the songs sung by Hanuman. Then Hanuman destroyed the Garden Palace Argasoka and burning of Lanka. Then Hanuman reported troop strength of the opponent to Rama who built jembatam to attack Lanka. After that war going on and defeated Ravana. Then Shinta to meet Rama Rama again but doubted the sanctity of Shinta. With the help of God of Fire Shinta managed to prove her holiness. And finally receive Shinta Rama back.

Hanoman obong

Sendratari Ramayana

Other Temples arround Prambanan

North of the Lara Jongrang complex

  • Candi Lumbung. Buddhist-style, consisting of one main temple surrounded by 16 smaller ones
  • Candi Bubrah. Buddhist temple still in ruins
  • Candi Sewu. Buddhist temple complex, older than Roro Jonggrang. A main sanctuary surrounded by many smaller temples. Well preserved guardian statues, replicas of which stand in the central courtyard at the Jogja Kraton
  • Candi Morangan. Hindu temple complex buried several meters under volcanic ashes, located northwest from Prambanan
  • Candi Plaosan. Buddhist, probably 9th century. Thought to have been built by a Hindu king for his Buddhist queen. Two main temples with reliefs of Boddhisatva and Tara. Also rows of slender stupas

Nyepi Ceremoni

South of the Lara Jongrang complex

  • Ratu Boko. Complex of fortified gates, bathing pools, and elevated walled stone enclosure, all located on top of the hill
  • Candi Sajiwan. Buddhist temple decorated with reliefs concerning education. The base and staircase are decorated with animal fables
  • Candi Banyunibo. A Buddhist temple with unique design of roof
  • Candi Barong. A Hindu temple complex with large stepped stone courtyard. Located on the slope of the hill
  • Candi Ijo. A cluster of Hindu temple located near the top of Ijo hill. The main temple houses a large lingam and yoni
  • Arca Bugisan. Seven Buddha and Boddhisatva statues, some collapsed, representing different poses and expressions

West of the Lara Jongrang complex

  • Candi Kalasan. 8th century Buddhist temple built in commemoration of the marriage of a king and his princess bride, ornamented with finely carved reliefs
  • Candi Sari. Once a sanctuary for Buddhist priests. 8th century. Nine stupas at the top with two rooms beneath, each believed to be places for priests to meditate
  • Candi Sambisari. 9th century Hindu temple discovered in 1966, once buried 6.5 metres under volcanic ash. The main temple houses a linga and yoni, and the wall surround it displayed the images of Agastya, Durga, and Ganesha
  • Candi Gebang. A small Hindu temple discovered in 1937 located near the Yogyakarta northern ring-road. The temple display the statue of Ganesha and interesting carving of faces on the roof section
  • Candi Gana. Rich in statues, bas-reliefs and sculpted stones. Frequent representations of children or dwarfs with raised hands. Located in the middle of housing complex. Under restoration since 1997
  • Candi Kedulan. Discovered in 1994 by sand diggers, 4m deep. Square base of main temple visible. Secondary temples not yet fully excavated




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